Five long-term contraception methods for you

18 April 2023 | Contraception | by Life Yangu

Contraception is essential for those who want to delay or avoid pregnancy. While there are various types, long-term methods of contraception offer an effective way to prevent pregnancy for extended periods. These methods require less frequent maintenance as they do not require daily or weekly use.

Below are some long-term methods of contraception for you to consider.

Hormonal Intrauterine devices (IUDs)

IUDs are small, T-shaped devices that are inserted into the uterus by a healthcare provider. Hormonal IUDs release progestin, a hormone that thickens cervical mucus, suppresses ovulation, and thins the endometrial lining, therefore preventing the sperm from meeting an egg. Hormonal IUDs can prevent pregnancy for up to five years.

Copper Intrauterine devices (IUDs)

The copper IUDs are wrapped in copper wire, which releases copper in the uterus to create an environment that is toxic to sperm. This IUD provides long-term protection against pregnancy for up to 12 years.


Implants are small, flexible rods that are inserted under the skin of the upper arm by a healthcare provider. Available either as one rod or two rods, they release progestin, which thickens cervical mucus, making it harder for sperm to enter the uterus. They can remain in place for up to five years.

Female Voluntary Surgical Contraception

Female voluntary surgical contraception, also known as tubal ligation, is a permanent form of contraception that involves blocking or cutting the fallopian tubes in women. This prevents sperm from reaching the egg, making pregnancy impossible.

Male Voluntary Surgical Contraception

Male voluntary surgical contraception, also known as vasectomy, is a permanent form of contraception that involves blocking or cutting vas deferens in men. This prevents sperms from mixing with seminal fluid, therefore, when ejaculation occurs, the seminal fluid will not have any sperm thus preventing pregnancy.

REMEMBER: It is essential to speak with a healthcare provider to determine which method is best for you. Click here to find health facilities closest to you.

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